The Firelands (Ohio)
This unique name applies to 500,000 acres of land reserved by Connecticut after the Revolution as recompense to citizens who suffered losses from the marauding British army.
Connecticut citizens hid supplies from the Continental army, and in retaliation the towns of Norwalk, New Haven, Danbury, Ridgefield, Fairfield, Lyme, Greenwich, New London, Groton and several others were burned and sacked by Gov. Tryon and traitor Benedict Arnold. By May 1792, the State Legislature reserved an old Colonial claim south of Lake Erie, the "Western Reserve", and the western 500,000 acres were set off to the Fire Sufferers.
Indian rights were extinguished for the sum of $18,916.67 by the Fort Industry Treaty of July 4, 1805. Surveying began soon after, and was completed by Almon Ruggles in 1808, and on November 9 of that year, the land was divided among the Sufferers by public drawing.
Huron County was formed February 7, 1809, but the War of 1812 delayed organization until 1815. October 24, 1815, the first Court was held at the old County Seat, Abbotts' Landing in Avery township. November of 1818 saw the first Court held at Norwalk, the County seat to the present time.
Erie County was formed from the northern nine townships of old Huron County in 1838, and later Danbury was attached to Ottawa County and Ruggles to Ashland County.
Today Huron County embraces nineteen of the original Firelands townships.
(from an article written by Henry R. Timman, November 12, 1963).